Glossary

Glossary of Terms:

A8A Canadian bond document (see CF7512) for the movement of shipments under Canada Customs control from one Canadian port to another
   
ADVICE NOTE Canadian document advising a consignee of arrival of shipment under Canada Customs control – see Cargo Control No.
   
AIR FREIGHT Term used to describe a shipment or goods that have a prior or subsequent move via an airline
   
AIRLINE CODE A 2-letter code (occasionally alpha-numeric) which is the given abbreviated name of an airline
   
AIRPORT CODE A 3-letter alpha code assigned by IATA to designate an airport location – all Canada airport codes begin with “Y”.
   
AIRRIDE An air-cushioned suspension system (as opposed to spring)
   
AMS Automated Manifest System – US Customs sponsored computer link between airlines, Customs and Brokers provides for control of in-bond goods.
   
ATA Actual Time of Arrival
   
ATD Actual Time of Departure
   
AWB Airwaybill – see MAWB/HAWB – a non-negotiable contract of carriage for air transportation between an air carrier/shipper or air carrier/air freight forwarder
 
B13 Canada Customs export control document showing description of goods, value, country of origin and harmonized code. It also serves as a duty drawback document if the shipper has imported from one country and is shipping to a 3rd country.
   
BILL OF LADING BOL – ground (road or ocean) consignment note prepared by the shipper containing freight details, shipper, consignee, location of goods, special instructions, etc.
 
BOND – CANADIAN Authorization by Canada Customs to qualified companies to allow the movement and storage of goods under Canada Customs control.
 
BOND – COMMON CARRIER Authorization by US Customs for the carriage of goods which are under US Customs control
   
BOND – IE 63 See also CF7512Immediate Exportation – export of imported goods from within the same port
   
BOND – IT 61 See also CF7512Immediate Transportation – transport of imported goods from port of arrival to another inland port for customs clearance
 
BOND – TACM Transit Air Cargo Manifest – dispensation by US Customs to allow airlines to substitute the MAWB for a CF7512
   
BOND – T&E 62 See also CF7512Transportation and Exportation – allows transport of goods imported into the US from port of arrival to  port of export in the US ONLY.  The T&E bond is cancelled on export from the US.
   
BOND – TRANSBORDER Transborder has a Common Carrier Bond authorized by US Customs to allow TBAC to transport bonded goods between ports within the US.
   
BONDED CARRIER See Bond – Common Carrier
   
BONDED WAREHOUSE See also CFS.  Common term for CFS – a warehouse authorized by US Customs to store and clear shipments under US Customs control.  Payment of duties is deferred until the goods are removed.
   
BORDER Refers to an international crossing point between 2 countries – TBAC cross the US Border and also the Canadian Border
   
BREAK-BULK Disassembling a consolidated shipment for subsequent delivery/onward transfer.
   
CANADA CUSTOMS Canadian equivalent of US Customs & Border Protection (CBP)
   
CARGO CONTROL NO. A shipment-specific number allocated to shipments arriving under Canada Customs control (also known as Advice Note No.)
   
CARNET Internationally recognized document issued by a Chamber of Commerce to allow multiple import/export of goods  through multiple countries
   
CARRIER Another name for either an airline or a trucking company
   
CARRIERS CERTIFICATE Notification to a consignee indicating arrival of goods under US Customs control.
   
CBP Customs & Border Protection – correct term for US Customs, introduced after 9/11
   
CF7512 See also Bond – IE 63/IT 61/T&E 62 – US Customs bond form for completing shipment information in order to move freight either within the domestic US prior to customs clearance.
 
CFS See also Bonded WarehouseContainer Freight Stations are warehouses authorized by US Customs to store and clear
    
CHARGEABLE WEIGHT See also Dim Weight/Volume Weight.  Term used to describe the actual amount of space freight occupies and is calculated by multiplying length x width x height of each piece of freight and dividing the total by 194 cu in/lb (for airfreight the factor used is 166 cu in/lb).
   
CHARGES The charges to the customer are based on the greater of the 2 weights (actual vs. volume). 
   
CLOSE-OUT Time by which freight needs to be received in order to be loaded on a specific flight or truck.
   
COD Cash On Delivery – payment for the COST of the items being shipped to be remitted by TBAC back to the shipper
   
COLLECT CHARGES Charges for the transportation of freight are paid by the consignee.
   
COMMERCIAL INVOICE Shipper’s invoice to consignee (which should accompany a shipment) to facilitate customs clearance.  The document must show the value of the goods, country of origin & description of the goods
 
CONSIGNEE The receiver of goods being shipped
   
CNS Cargo Network Services – North American organization substituting IATA and formed for anti-trust reasons (see also IATA)
   
C-TPAT Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism – a voluntary government-business initiative to improve overall international supply chain and U.S. border security.
 
CUSTOMS BROKER An agent authorized by Customs who specializes in clearing goods through Customs
   
   
DECLARED VALUE FOR CARRIAGE By declaring a higher value for carriage a shipper can increase the carrier’s legal liability
   
DECLARED VALUE FOR CUSTOMS A value declared by a shipper for Customs purposes and may be used in the assessment of duties and taxes
   
DEMURRAGE Primarily an ocean freight term used to describe certain charges such as storage, dock fees etc.
   
DIM WEIGHT See also Chargeable Weight
   
DIRECT TO CONSIGNEE (DTC) Delivery is required to the consignee’s door.
   
DOMESTIC MOVES Movement of freight within the border of the same country
   
DRAYAGE Primarily an ocean freight term, referring to the pick-up of an ocean container from a port and return when empty
   
DUE AGENT Charges protected by an agent (freight forwarder/airline etc) normally present when a COD is to be collected.
   
DUTY DRAWBACK A refund of Customs Duties previously paid for goods originating from another country that are to be subsequently exported. The duty paid on the import is recoverable (under specific conditions) from the US Customs Service.
 
E29B Canada Customs export form for shipments requiring specific evidence of export – e.g. exhibition or show goods which may be returned to the Country of Origin
   
ETA Estimated Time of Arrival
   
ETD Estimated Time of Departure
   
EUV Exclusive Use Vehicle – a truck (usually 53ft) for the exclusive use of one customer.  See also FTL
   
FCCOD Freight Charges Collect On Delivery – these would be the charges due to TBAC for transporting the freight
   
FCL Full Container Load – ocean freight term for FTL or EUV
   
FDA Food & Drug Administration (USA) – government body responsible for the registration/safety of food and drugs
   
FLAT BED An open truck used for moving large or unwieldy pieces of freight that would not fit in an enclosed truck.
   
FREE ASTRAY Freight that is moved free of charge usually because it has become separated from the remainder of the shipment or was mis-shipped by the carrier.
 
FREIGHT BROKER A company that specializes in finding the most cost-effective way of moving freight for commercial companies – usually door-door and they look for “all-in” rates, often per skid rather than per pound.  They do NOT issue their own Bill of Lading and, as such, the carrier they use is responsible for full legal liability insurance.
   
FREIGHT FORWARDER A company that dispatches shipments on behalf of exporters for a fee.  The forwarder may choose to ship by air, sea or land or a combination and usually handles all the services connected with the shipment to include preparation of documents, booking cargo, paying any fees due to warehouses etc.
 
FTL See EUV
   
FUEL SURCHARGE A surcharge imposed to help offset increased fuel costs – applied as a percentage to freight charges
   
GOH Garment On Hangars – name for a special airline metal-framed unit to allow transportation of hanging garments
   
GO General Order – warehouse authorized by US Customs.  Freight that enters the US and remains uncleared (i.e. no duties/taxes paid) after 14 days has to be reported to US Customs and removed to GO.  Freight can be subsequently claimed from GO by the consignee on payment of all charges, otherwise it is usually sold at auction.
 
GHA Ground Handling Agent – a Warehouse Operator that usually handles multiple airlines.
   
GSA General Sales Agent – a freight company (usually neutral) that provides sales and service for airlines in specific markets.
   
HANDLING AGENT An agent appointed by another company to handle freight in cities where that company is not represented.  Handling can include local pick-up and delivery, cross-dock, warehousing, etc.
   
HAWB See AWB/MAWB.  A document that covers each individual shipment in a consolidation (MAWB).  It is issued by the consolidator and contains instructions to the agent breaking down the freight
 
   
HTS Harmonized Tariff Schedule – US classification of products/commodities released by the US International Trade Commission. All shipments moving from Canada into the US MUST show the HTS code (HS Code).
   
IATA International Air Transportation Authority – governs the airline industry (both passenger and cargo).  Known in North America as Cargo Network Services (CNS).
   
INSURANCE Usually the full dollar value of the shipment regardless of where the fault for the partial or full loss may have occurred.
   
INTERLINE PARTNER An agreement with another carrier to expedite movement of freight from point to point.  For example for a PHL to YYZ shipment TBAC has an interline agreement with HBI who move the freight from PHL to JFK on behalf of TBAC.
   
INTERPORT Canada Customs truck (surface) sufferance warehouse (used by TBAC) to re-manifest bonded surface freight to the airport. Canada Customs do not permit truck freight to arrive directly at the airport – it has to be re-manifested.
 
INWARD CARGO MANIFEST Manifest produced for freight ex. Canada that is to border clear at US Customs.  The manifest shows details of each shipment to be cleared, by broker.
   
IRS NO. A unique number, allocated by the IRS, that identifies a corporation and is used when completing bonds.
   
JLC US Customs bonded Container Freight Station – see CFS.  Authorized by US Customs for receipt & storage of goods under US Customs control.   A sister company of TBAC
 
LCL Less than Container Load – ocean freight term, equivalent of LTL
   
LIABILITY The dollar amount that a carrier is legally liable for should partial or complete loss of a shipment be evidenced as occurring whilst in their care, custody or control.  TBAC usually has a limit of liability of $0.50/lb (unless otherwise provided for).
 
LIFTGATE Equipment attached to delivery/pick-up vehicles to lift or lower goods when no dock is available for transfer of freight
   
LINE HAUL The movement of goods from a carrier’s terminal in one city to his terminal in another
   
LOCATION NO. All CFS/Bonded Warehouses have a location or facility code that uniquely identifies them to US Customs
   
LOAD BROKER See also Freight Broker.
   
LTL Less than Truck Load – the basis on which most TBAC freight moves, defined as a rate per lb of freight moved
   
MANIFEST A document used to record shipments being transported or handled by a carrier
   
MAWB Master Airwaybill – see also AWB.  Technically, a MAWB covers consolidated cargo (i.e. several shipments from different or the same shippers) consigned to the same location.
   
NEUTRAL AWB A standard AWB with no identification of issuing carrier.  Used by some freight forwarders in place of a TBAC pro.   Also referred to as a Universal AWB.
   
OCEAN FREIGHT Term used to describe a shipment or goods that have a prior or subsequent move via ocean vessel
   
OS&D Overage, Shortage & Damage – report produced to describe any discrepancies on freight/shipments
   
OUT OF SYSTEM MOVES Shipments that move on lane segments other than those regularly serviced by TBAC e.g. YYZ->YYC or JFK->BUF
   
PALLET Airline equipment, a flat metal platform, on which goods are assembled and secured by nets and straps, also referred to as a cookie sheet!
   
PALLET JACK A hand-operated jack for lifting and moving freight that is on skids
   
PAPS Pre Arrival Processing System – system used ex. Canada for clearing freight through US Customs at the border.
   
PARS Pre Arrival Release System – system used ex. USA for clearing freight through Canada Customs at the border.
   
POD (VERBAL/PHYSICAL) Proof Of Delivery – sign-off by consignee to include date/time of receipt of freight and should also include confirmation of pieces received and any notations regarding the condition of the freight.
   
PORT CODES A 4 or 5-digit code (usually all numeric) designating ports around the world, whether airports or seaports.
   
POST AUDIT AIRLINE/AWB An airline which is granted permission by Canada Customs to report all freight entering into Canada AFTER the fact, similar to the US TACM, BUT in this case the AWB also becomes the Canadian bond
   
PREPAID Charges for the transportation of freight are paid by the shipper.
   
PRO A document assigned by TBAC (or another carrier), with a unique number for the transport of a shipment.
   
QUEENS WAREHOUSE Canadian equivalent of GO, but consignee has up to 30 days to clear freight & pay all duties/taxes.
   
QP/WP BONDS An electronic bond system (paperless bond) that replaces the need for a CF7512.  The onus for correct information and ensuring that the bond is “cancelled” electronically lies with the shipper not TBAC, unlike the paper system where TBAC is responsible for ensuring a bond is cancelled.
   
RESTRICTED ARTICLES (RA) See Dangerous Goods and Hazmat
   
RFS Road Feeder Service – term used to describe a carrier (such as TBAC) providing airport-to-airport linehaul services
   
RIB Removal In Bond – used within Canada for airline freight for the movement of freight from one bonded warehouse to another
   
ROLLER BED A truck fitted with rollers in the floor for the easy loading/off-loading of pallets or ULDs
   
SCAC CODE Standard Carrier Alpha Code – a unique 2 to 4 letter code issued by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association in the USA used to identify transportation companies.  SCACs are required for AMS and PAPS.
   
SPECIAL NATURE CODES IATA /CNS codes to describe the nature of various goods e.g. EAT = Foodstuffs, PER = Perishable
   
STA Scheduled Time of Arrival
   
STD Scheduled Time of Departure
   
SUFFERANCE WAREHOUSE Canadian equivalent of a CFS or Bonded Warehouse
   
TACM Transit Air Cargo Manifest – dispensation by US Customs to allow airlines to substitute the MAWB for a CF7512
   
TARIFF A general term for any listing of rates, charges, etc. for the transportation of goods
   
TIB Temporary Import Bond – term usually associated with the temporary transfer of freight from a bonded warehouse to, for example, an exhibition site.
   
TSA Transportation Security Administration – a division of the Department of Homeland Security created in response to the 9/11 attacks.  The TSA is charged with providing effective and efficient security for passenger and freight transportation systems in the USA.
   
TRUCK BROKER See Freight Broker.  A truck broker normally specializes in FTL brokerage.
   
ULD Unit Load Device – enclosed metal containers of various sizes used by airlines for loading cargo
   
UNIVERSAL AWB See Neutral AWB
   
US CUSTOMS See also CBP – a division of the Department of Treasury that regulates goods, people and vehicles entering or leaving the US in an effort to prevent smuggling and terrorism and many other federal laws.  They are also responsible for levying and collecting taxes on imported goods.
   
VENDOR A company that supplies goods and services to another company.
   
VOLUME WEIGHT See Chargeable weight
   
WARSAW CONVENTION INSURANCE Legal liability insurance (US$20/kg or US$9.07/lb) established by the airlines.  It is the global standard for all airlines.
   
WEIGHT FACTORS Various factors used to determine the dimensional weight (length x width x height) of a piece or pieces of freight.  Most  commonly used factors are:  166 cu in/lb (airfreight); 194 cu in/lb (truck)